American & European

 

Dobermann

DOBERMAN(N)

AMERICAN HISTORY

Annagret II v Thueringen and female Claudius v Thueringen, were two of the first quality Dobermanns to be imported to the United States in 1907 and became the foundation of quality Doberman breeding in America.

Marco v. Jaegerhof

was a major contributor in Germany in 1908

1908 is the year that the Doberman breed was first registered with the American Kennel Club.

Prinz Modern v Ilm-Athen

Prinz Modern V Ilm-Athen was the progeny of Greif v Groenlan and Lady v Ilm-Athen.  Lady v Ilm-Athen was part Manchester Terrier. This was the first Manchester Terrier cross in the breed's history.  Prinz Modern V Ilm-Athen was a popular stud due to his conformation.  Unfortunately, he transmitted his lack of courage. According to Doberman pioneer Philipp Gruenig, this is the first moment that a significant dilution in sharpness is believed to have happened in the breed. It is believed that the breed did not recover from this reduction until the incorporation of the Greyhound.  Prinz Modern V Ilm-Athen was imported to America and became one of the fundamental dogs in the Doberman's American History in 1909.

America imported some of Germany's top dogs in form and of moderate sharpness in 1920.  There were only 45 registered Dobermans in America.   One of the dogs that was imported to America that year was a Holland bred male Benno vom Roemerhof.

Benno vom Roemerhof

In 1921, Prinz Favorit v.Koningstad, a large Dutch brown male was imported to America.  He contributed greatly to the American gene pool.

Prinz Favorit v.Koningstad

In 1921 The Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded by George Earle III.  An American Doberman authority had now been established. This is when American Doberman leaders began to shape the breed into their own vision.  Their primary focus was refinement.   With the formation of the Doberman Pinscher Club of America, 1922 was the beginning of the Doberman surpassing 100 registrations every year.  The first Doberman appeared very briefly on screen in the movie The Kennel Murder Case in 1933.  In 1934, more than 1,000 were registered each year.  In 1941 there were 1,637 Dobermans registered and they were 15th in popularity amongst purebred dogs.  

U.S. Marine DevilDogs

WORLD WAR II

During WWI, Germany had trained and deployed over 30,000 dogs, some of which were Doberman(n)s.  However, it wasn't until 1935 that the Marines started showing interest in war dogs.  They had experienced more intimately the enemy's sentry dogs used in Haiti and in the other "Banana Wars" in Central America.  Dogs were posted around "guerrilla camps" in the jungle and alerted at the approach of the Marines.  The Marines learned the value of dogs used as sentries and scouts.  In December of 1941, the United States was dragged into war with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The Marines thought they would have to fight the Japanese in the Pacific.  Since the Japanese were well established in the islands and atolls of the central, south, and west Pacific, the Marines knew that they were going to be fighting in tropical climates where the vegetation provided jungle-like coverage.   In such conditions, dogs would be ideal sentries and couriers.  The United States knew that the Doberman(n) had been an effective war dog for the Germans in the past.  Although there were not a great number of Doberman(n)s, they were the one breed that had been produced to be "police-soldier" dogs.   In 1942 the Doberman Pinscher Club of America was formally approached to recruit Dobermans for the newly formed Marine Corps War Dog Training Facility at Camp Lejeune  (New River, North Carolina.)  Doberman(n) owners within the U.S. were asked to volunteer their dogs.  Owners were told that the dog would be returned to them if they failed to qualify or would be returned at the end of their tour of service.  In addition, fourteen Doberman(n) Pinschers were donated by the Baltimore, Maryland, and Canton, Ohio members of the Doberman Pinscher Club of America.  The First Marine Dog Platoon consisted of 21 Doberman(n)s and three German Shepherd Dogs.  These dogs were trained to be Messenger, Sentry, or Scout dogs.  In the end, 90% of the Marine "Devildogs" were Doberman Pinschers.  Most of them were recruited through the efforts of the DPCA. There were also some German Shepherd Dogs that were obtained from the U.S. Army and the remaining dogs were enlisted directly from their owners.